of Kansas - Starts With "G"
Indian agent in 1856, Gay became a victim of the pro-slavery partisans during
Kansas-Missouri Border War.
On June 21, 1856, accompanied by his son, he started to Westport,
when about two miles from there, he was met by three men. One of them offered
him a drink, and in the course of the conversation Gay was asked whether he was
for or against slavery. He replied that he was from Michigan, but this indirect
answer did not satisfy his inquisitor, who repeated the question. Gay then
replied that he was in favor of making
a free state. No sooner were the words out of his mouth, when he shot several
times and fatally wounded. His son was also wounded, but managed to make
his escape. It was thought by some that robbery was really the motive for Gay's
murder, the perpetrators of the deed hoping to find on his person the key to the
safe in which the agency money was kept. If they found the key they were afraid
to attempt to use it because of the storm of indignation aroused by the murder.
The third Territorial Governor of Kansas,
Geary was born
in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania on December 30, 1819. His early education was acquired under the instruction of his father,
who conducted an academy. He then entered Jefferson College at
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1841. The death of his father
about this time made it necessary for him to contribute to the support of his
widowed mother and his siblings. He clerked in a store in Pittsburgh for a time,
taught school, and finally took up the work of a civil engineer. He followed this occupation in
Pennsylvania and Kentucky until the breaking out of the war with Mexico, when he
raised a company known as the "American Highlanders," which became a part of the
Second Pennsylvania Infantry, of which he was made lieutenant-colonel. His
regiment was attached to the army of General Scott, and for his gallantry at the
Belen Gate in Mexico City, Geary was promoted to the rank of colonel. After the
capture of the Mexican capitol he was placed in charge of the city as
commandant. The discovery of gold in California lured him to the Pacific Coast,
and on January 22, 1849, he was appointed postmaster of San Francisco by
President John Tyler. After a few months of service he was removed by President Taylor,
and was then elected by the citizens to the office of First Alcalde of the City.
He was also elected the first mayor of San Francisco under the charter of 1850.
In 1852, he returned to Pennsylvania on a visit, but while there his wife died,
and he never returned to California. On July 31, 1856, he was appointed Governor
He resigned on March 12, 1857, and like Governor
Andrew Reeder, left the territory at night
to escape assassination at the hands of members of his own political party.
He then returned to Pennsylvania, where he lived quietly on his farm until commencement
of the Civil War in 1861. Upon the first call for volunteers, he raised the
Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Infantry and was commissioned colonel of the
regiment. Subsequently, he was promoted to brigadier and still later to
major-general. During the Atlanta Campaign and the famous march to the sea he
commanded the "White Star" division of the Twentieth Army Corps, and on December
22, 1864, was appointed by General Sherman military governor of Savannah. In 1866
he was elected governor of Pennsylvania, and at the close of his term was
re-elected. Governor Geary died at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania on February 8, 1873,
eighteen days after the expiration of his second term as governor. His work in
Kansas did much to break the power of the pro-slavery party and contributed
materially to the admission of Kansas as a free state. Geary County was named in
- One of the founders of Topeka, Giles was born at Littleton,
New Hampshire in 1819. In the fall of 1854, he left New England for
Kansas and on December 4th, arrived at the place where Topeka
would soon stand. He was secretary of the association that laid out the city, and it is
said that it was Giles who gave the name to the new town. In March, 1855 he was
appointed postmaster, the first to serve in that capacity in Topeka. During the
early settlement of the county he kept a private record of real estate
transfers, which was later made the legal records of Shawnee County by an act of
the legislature. In 1857, he was elected county recorder and clerk, and in 1864
he opened the first bank in Topeka. Two years later ,he took a partner and the
business was conducted for some time under the firm name of F. W. Giles & Co.
When the Topeka National Bank was founded he became its first president. Giles
was the author of a work entitled Thirty Years in
Topeka, which was published in 1886. In this work, he related many interesting
incidents that otherwise might
have been forgotten. He died on June 9, 1898.
(1827-1911) - The ninth governor of
Kansas after the state was
admitted into the Union, Glick was born at Greencastle, Ohio on July 4, 1827, a
son of Isaac and Mary (Sanders) Glick. When
Glick was about five years old he moved with his parents to Sandusky County,
Ohio, where his father acquired extensive farming interests and became a citizen
of prominence, having been elected treasurer of the county three times in
succession. Here, Glick attended public schools. His ambition was to be a lawyer and
soon after leaving school, he entered the office of Buckland & Hayes at Lower
Sandusky (now Fremont), where he studied for two years. He was admitted to
the bar in 1850, began to practice at
Fremont, and soon won distinction as a lawyer. A firm believer in the principles
advocated by the Democratic Party, he cast his political lot with that
organization and in 1858 was nominated for Congress, but declined the honor.
The same year he made the race for state senator against Ralph P. Buckland, one
of his earlier instructors, and although defeated, led his ticket by nearly 2,000 votes.
About a year before this campaign he had been appointed colonel of the Second
Regiment and Judge-Advocate of the Seventeenth Division of the Ohio militia by
Governor Salmon P. Chase.
On December 7. 1907, he was elected first vice-president of the Kansas
On September 17, 1857, Glick married to Elizabeth Ryder at
at Massillon, Ohio and the couple would eventually have two children.
In the fall of 1858, Glick came to
settling at Atchison, where he formed a
partnership with Alfred G. Otis, which
association lasted for fifteen years. At the election of December 6, 1859 -- the
first election under the Wyandotte Constitution -- he was the Democratic
candidate for judge of the Second Judicial District; was a member of the
legislature from 1863 to 1868; was the Democratic candidate for governor in
1868, but was defeated by James M. Harvey; was elected to the legislature again
in 1875 and also in 1880; served as Speaker Pro Tem in the session of 1876; and
in 1882 was nominated and elected governor, being the only candidate on the
Democratic state ticket to win a victory. Governor Glick had been active in
political and legal affairs in many other ways. In 1866 he was elected a
delegate to the Union convention at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; he served as
County Commissioner and Auditor of Atchison County; was one of the early
directors of the Union Pacific Railroad and attorney for the central branch from
1867 to 1874. He was engaged in farming and stock raising in 1874, his "Shannon Hill"
farm of about 600 acres being one of the best known farms in eastern
a United States Pension Agent at Topeka from 1885 to 1892; was for over thirty
years a member of the State Board of Agriculture; and was involved in numerous
other organizations and businesses. . After a long illness Governor Glick died
at his home on April 13, 1911.
(18??-1864) - Military Officer and
was a son of Moses Gove, who was at one
time, the mayor of Manhattan, Kansas. When the Civil War
broke out he enlisted in
Company F, Sixth Kansas Cavalry as a private, but was soon made a corporal. In
the summer of 1862 he was assigned to duty as a recruiting officer and raised
Company G, Eleventh Kansas Cavalry, of which he was commissioned first
lieutenant. In May, 1864, he was promoted to captain and remained in command of
the company until his death at Olathe,
on November 7, 1864. Gove County was named in his honor.
Grafstrom (1862-1906) - A mechanical engineer, Grafstrom was born at Motola, Sweden on
December 19, 1862. He was educated at the Orebro University and the Boras
Institute of Technology, where he graduated in mechanical engineering at the
age of 19. Soon afterward he came to America, where he found
employment with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, and at the
time of his death he was their Chief Mechanical Engineer of that great corporation.
Grafstrom met his fate in a manner that was both sad and tragic. At the time
of the great flood in the spring of 1903, he designed and hastily constructed a
small steamer, with which he engaged in rescuing the inhabitants of the flooded
districts of Topeka. Hundreds of people were conveyed to places of safety
through his energy and foresight. However, on the night of June 2nd, while trying to rescue
still more, his boat was capsized, and while the other five members of the crew
succeeded in saving themselves, Grafstrom was swept away by the raging
waters. His body was never recovered. On June 6, 1906, a committee of railroad
men presented to the Kansas Historical Society a fine bronze tablet bearing an
inscription recounting his deed of valor and his heroic sacrifice.
(1855-1890) - Fourth governor of the State of Kansas,
he was born at
Grassy Point, Hardin County, Ohio on March 8, 1837. In March, 1855, when he was only
18 years-old, he came to Kansas with his two brothers, Lewis F. and
George S., both of whom afterward served in the Kansas
Legislature. They settled
in the town of Palmyra (now Baldwin) in Douglas County, but the following year
Nehemiah returned to Ohio and entered the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware,
where he completed his education. In 1860, he was made pastor of a Methodist
Church and served in that capacity until in 1862, when he enlisted as a
lieutenant in Company B of the Eighty-ninth Ohio Infantry. Before the expiration
of his term of enlistment, failing health forced him to resign his commission. On
May 2, 1864, he re-entered the service as a private in Company G, One Hundred and
Fifty-third Ohio Infantry, but a few days later he was appointed sergeant-major
and was mustered out with that rank with his regiment on September 9, 1864. He
then returned to Kansas and became pastor of a church at Manhattan. He also
purchased a farm of 320 acres on Mill Creek and devoted much of his time to
raising cattle for the market. In
November, 1866 he was nominated by the Republican State Convention for the
office of Lieutenant-Governor, and at the election the following November was
elected. Upon the resignation of Governor Samuel J. Crawford on November 4,
1868, Green succeeded to the office of governor and served for the remainder
of the term. Governor Green was twice married. In 1860 he married Ida Leffingwell of
Williamsburg, Ohio, who died in 1870, and in 1873 he married Mary Sturdevant of Rushville, New
York. Upon the expiration of his term as governor in
1869 he returned to the ministry, and in 1870-71 he was the presiding elder of the
Manhattan District. The illness and death of his first wife then caused him to
give up the pulpit for a time. Consequently, he retired to his farm until 1873,
when he again took up the work and for about two years was stationed at Holton.
In 1875 he had charge of a church at Waterville. In 1880 he yielded to the
solicitations of his friends and was elected to the state legislature. This was
his last public
service. Governor Green died at Manhattan on January 12, 1890.
Roy Farrell Greene
(1873-1909) - Poet and humorist, was born at Three Rivers,
Mich., in 1873. He came to
Kansas as a child, his parents locating near Hackney,
a little village about 6 miles north of Arkansas City. After graduating in the
Arkansas City high school, he took up newspaper work, and at the time of his
death on January 30, 1909, he was city editor of a daily paper at Arkansas City.
In 1909 he published a book of poems, entitled "Cupid is King," and he wrote
many interesting stories for newspapers and magazines. His friends called him
the "Poet Lariat" and the "Prairie Poet."
Compiled and edited by
of Kansas, updated March, 2017.
About the Article: The majority of this historic text was published
in Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History,
Volume I; edited by Frank W. Blackmar, A.M. Ph. D.; Standard
Publishing Company, Chicago, IL 1912. However, the text that appears on
these pages is not verbatim, as additions, updates, and editing have
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