History, Tales, and Destinations in the Land of Ahs

Legends of Kansas  Legends Of America  Legends General Store  Legends Photo Shop

  Search our sites

Custom Search


  Legends Of America's Facebook PageLegends Of America's Twitter Page

Legends of Kansas

Legends & Tales

  Also See:

  Legends of America


Legends of America's Rocky Mountain General Store


Old West Mercantile
Route 66 Emporium
TeePee Trading Post

Book Shelf

Postcard Rack

Tin Signs

and Much More!


  Legends Of America's Rocky Mountain General Store - Cart View


Legend's Photo Print Shop

Legends Of America's Photo Print Shop

Ghost Town Prints

Native American Prints

Old West Prints

Route 66 Prints

and Much More!!

Legends Of America's Photo Print Shop - Cart View


About Us


Article/Photo Use

Copyright Information





Privacy Policy

Writing Credits



We welcome corrections

and feedback!

Contact Us

Native Americans of Kansas

Bookmark and Share

Kaw Indian Conference, 1857

Conference of Kansa (Kaw) Indians with the U.S. Commission

 of  Indian Affairs, Illustrated London News, 1857


Cherokee Neutral Land

History of Native Americans in Kansas

Indian Missions

Indian Wars of Kansas

Battles and Massacres









Sac and Fox






Long before Kansas ever became a state, there were a number of Native American tribes that called the region home including:  

The Arapaho
The Comanche
The Kanza
The Kiowa
The Osage
The Pawnee

In addition to these first inhabitants, the Cheyenne Indians, who were close allies of the Arapaho, were far-ranging people, covering vast areas of the Great Plains, primarily covering what would become South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado, and sometimes ranging into northwestern Kansas.

The Wichita Indians who originally lived in southern Oklahoma and northern Texas, also began to push into southern Kansas, as more and more people invaded their original territory.

However, beginning in the 1820s, the area that would become Kansas was permanently set aside as Indian Territory by the U.S. government, and was closed to settlement by whites. The government then began to resettle the Native American tribes already present in eastern Kansas, in order to make room to move eastern tribes in the area. In June, 1825, the Kanza Nation, from whom the state took its name, ceded 20 million acres of their territory and were afterwards limited to a reservation in northeast Kansas. In the same month, the Osage Nation was also limited to a reservation in southeast Kansas.


Wyandot Warrior

In 1830, the Indian Removal Act of 1830 gave the government authority to designate specific Western lands for settlement by Indians removed from their native lands and the Indian Intercourse Act of 1834, specifically set aside Kansas, Nebraska, and Oklahoma as the Indian Territory and numerous tribes began to be moved westward.  Some eastern and mid-western tribes signed treaties agreeing to move onto reservations in Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Kansas in exchange for undisputed ownership of the new lands. However, other tribes refused or resisted and were forcibly moved by the US Army.

The tribes relocated Kansas included: 



The Cherokee
The Chippewa

Confederated Tribes of the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Wea and Piankashaw

The Delaware
The Ioway
The Kickapoo

The Miami

The Ottawa
The Potawatomi
The Sac and Fox
The Seneca
The Wyandot


However, because the fertile land in Kansas and Nebraska, both states were re-designated as territories in 1854 and the region opened to white settlement. At that point, the vast majority of Kansas Indians, including many of the tribes originally native to the area, were forced to go through a second removal to Oklahoma in the late 19th century, where many still live today. 


However, four tribes were left in Kansas, that have reservations are federally recognized, Including:

Kathy Weiser/Legends of Kansas, updated February, 2014.


Legends Exclusive Custom Products - Legends of America and the Rocky Mountain General Store now provide a number of exclusive products that you won't find anywhere else! At our Exclusive Custom Products Store, you'll find lots of crazy bumper stickers; Old West prints, postcards, t-shirts and more; and our line of exclusive Route 66 products provides images on a number of items that you've never seen before! Click HERE to see the entire line.


Old West and cowboy products Old West custom products Route 66 Custom Products Old west prints, cards and calendars

                                            Copyright 2009-2014, www.Legends of Kansas.com a web property of Legends Of America